Tuesday, February 12, 2019

Web Development Outsourcing: 8 Reasons to Choose Latin America | Innuy


Outsourcing web and mobile app development to Latin America is an emerging trend. With cost-efficient projects, shared time-zones, bilingual talent, cultural affinity, and a highly tech-savvy population, Latin America is one of the fastest growing outsourcing destinations in the market.

When American companies hear the word “outsourcing,” they most often think of countries like India or China. However, as the demand for cost-efficient staff augmentation and development projects grows, Latin American countries are poised as the next emerging trend in web development, mobile apps, and staff augmentation. Their close proximity to America, similar time zones, cost savings, and high skill level are shifting the narrative in global outsourcing. We’re not looking overseas for web development anymore. More and more, American companies are looking to their highly technical southern neighbors.


Over 300,000 tech jobs are outsourced annually, with those numbers increasing steadily. According to the A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index, which tracks offshore outsourcing globally, five of the Top 20 countries for outsourcing are in Latin America.


There are several reasons countries like Uruguay, Argentina, Colombia, and Brazil have become the evolving destination for American outsourcing. Uruguay, specifically, has been named a “hidden gem” in web and mobile app development, and it’s easy to see why.

1. Latin American Outsourcing is Cost-efficient


Whether you’re managing a small start-up or a department of a multi-billion dollar company, web development and mobile applications are expensive. On average, a development team in Uruguay can complete a successful project for 30% - 50% less than an American tech company.


Uruguay owes its cost-effective businesses to the country’s affordable hiring rates for quality developers. An experienced and versatile American developer could cost upwards of $100,000 a year in salary. In Uruguay, a full stack developer experienced in Python, Django, or Javascript requires a lower annual salary. With less overhead costs from salaries, companies in Uruguay are able to charge less per project.


If your company website or mobile app requires high-level design functions like intelligent conversational bots, artificial intelligence (A.I.), or progressive web apps, hiring an American developer may prove cost-prohibitive. However, in Uruguay, not only can you hire a development team for one project; it will be affordable to hire the team as an extension of your own company for an extended period of time. This is especially important if your business or department needs a scalable project, and a development team that can assist your tech needs for the long haul!  


While cost-effectiveness is one of the most obvious reasons American companies choose to outsource development projects, it is by no means the only one--or even the biggest one!  

2. Latin America has a High Level of Technical Talent & Innovation


There’s a reason Uruguay--and Latin America in general--is being regaled as the new emerging space for web and app development: The developers are incredibly talented!


Uruguay is the leading software exporter per capita in South America, with a “One Laptop, One Child” commitment to technical education as early as elementary school. Industry leaders like IBM, HP, Cognizant, Capgemini, Infosys, Wipro, and US Global have begun making investments in Uruguay, and according to Fortune Magazine, this small country “leads the way in software, easing the path for foreign startups.”


Latin America has been known as a growing hub for advanced Agile development for years.  Offering complex development services utilizing Python, Django, and Javascript, these teams are proficient in creating scalable projects. Panelists have attested that professionals from these countries tend to communicate more openly and directly, with a creative approach towards problem-solving.


Uruguay, specifically, has made a name for itself as one of the world’s most high-quality software testing and quality assurance hubs. Established organizations like Centro de Ensayos de Software have championed education in quality assurance and testing, and TestingUY, one of Latin America’s largest testing conferences, takes place in Uruguay.


The time-zone alignment with North American companies makes Latin America an ideal destination for agile partnerships with a variety of staff solutions. Teams from each time-zone and culture have been proven to enhance and complement each other with the unique set of strengths offered by the Latin American workforce.

3. Neighboring Time Zones in Latin America


One major struggle US companies face when outsourcing to India, China, or Eastern Europe is the immense time-zone difference. Because teams are all the way across the globe, one team is often finishing their work day when the other begins, leading to a lag in communication. Uruguay is only one hour off EST (sometimes two, depending on daylight savings). This full workday overlap makes it easier to include an augmented team as part of regular daily meetings.


Innuy, for example, manages to have seamless interaction with clients by utilizing modern communication channels like Slack. Sharing a dedicated Slack channel allows for real-time discussions during the work day -- almost as if you’re chatting with your colleagues in the next room. Outsourced teams from Uruguay often form bonds within their new company, especially during long-term projects, and even share team birthday celebrations through video chat. Clients are welcomed to visit Uruguay offices and share in fun activities. For long-term projects, developers will travel to spend two weeks on-site with clients every quarter, so the teams can build rapport.


Ultimately, even if teams are geographically dispersed, they share a common goal of completing a successful project. When a company from the US outsources to our team in Uruguay, our primary goal is that we truly become an extension of your own company.

4. Latin American Countries Share Cultural Affinity with the United States



Cultural affinity is a critical part of working with a globally outsourced team. Some US companies discover they struggle to overcome cultural differences in how teams approach work.


According to the KPMG Insights from the 2018 Outsourcing Survey, companies cite “poor scope definition leading to multiple, costly change orders post transition” as a major challenge when outsourcing. Another survey shares, “While outsourcing can save money, it's not without certain drawbacks. Nearly 50% of employers that outsource say the quality of their service providers and a reactive versus proactive attitude are the most frustrating issues to deal with.”


Due to cultural similarities between companies in the US and Latin America, development teams in Uruguay are less likely to struggle with undefined scope. The United States and Latin America both have deep roots in European history, and have been influenced by similar cultural backgrounds. Developers in Uruguay typically use work styles that American employees find familiar, such as valuing creativity and assertiveness, viewing collaborations as partnerships rather than hierarchies, and building sustainable relationships. Also, teams in Latin America and the United States celebrate similar holidays, which means more overlap in shared work days.


Uruguay teams utilize Agile, a commonly used American development framework. The culture promotes being proactive, but also setting realistic goals. Rather than over-promising and under-delivering, Latin American developers move forward in 2-week sprints, and grow progress over time.


Design trends also differ depending on culture. Just because a trend is popular in the United States doesn’t mean it’s been picked up across the globe. From music and fashion, to film and web design, different cultures catch onto trends at different times. Latin America, sharing a cultural affinity with the United States, will often be on the same page when it comes to current trends, meaning there’s less of a barrier when describing the visuals and functionality of a development project.


Differing cultures can also impact contract negotiations. Especially for long-term development projects, it’s important to work with a team that shares similar work values -- such as meticulous attention to detail, or a similar vision for project processes. Regardless of which country a US company chooses to build an outsource partnership with, the real key is that the two companies share values and company culture to create a strong foundation for success.

5. Latin America is Full of Bilingual Talent


According to the EF English Proficiency Index, much of Latin America has introduced “an array of new governmental programs focused on augmenting or overhauling English education.”


The EF English Proficiency Index explains, “This reflects a desire among Latin Americans to strengthen their public education systems and give students and professionals better opportunities to participate in the global economy.”


Already, Latin America’s countries score on-par or better than China or India at English-proficiency.


Not only is this bilingual talent useful for American companies who require English-speakers, but it’s also incredible when working with American companies who also serve a Spanish-speaking population. This leads to an incredibly integrated experience, with websites and mobile apps that can easily, accurately, and inexpensively be translated into English or Spanish.

6. Latin American Work Culture Means No Smoke and Mirrors


Companies in Latin America are passionate about building energized, engaging work environments to nurture their creative talent.


Unlike the highly competitive, sometimes cut-throat nature of some careers in the tech industry, developers in Uruguay are given a comfortable place to learn and grow. This lack of intense competition means companies are more comfortable being honest about their capabilities -- they don’t need to create a “smoke and mirrors” cloud of mystery to overcharge clients or overhype their own ability.


The benefit to American companies is an honest, direct negotiation. What you see is what you get.


Since developers are not seen as dispensable, management takes time to coach and support their team, which creates a workplace people enjoy. This creates a richer sense of teamwork, where colleagues lift each other up, and increase their skills with management support.


The result: A skilled and efficient outsourced team, who will be honest about deadlines and work capacity.

7. Free Trade Agreements in Uruguay


For the past ten years, Latin American--in particular, Uruguay--has been working to establish itself as a global leader in the tech industry. The government has ramped up access to education in the computer sciences, ensured school children have access to technology like laptops, and provided broadband internet to over 99% of their population.


To further their commitment to becoming a global industry leader, the Uruguayan government established 12 free trade zones with the hopes of making the country a hub for outsourcing. Free trade zones come with a number of benefits and incentives, including the elimination of taxes for income, transportation, and VAT. Foreign companies can import goods without tariffs, duties, or inventory tax.  


These free trade zones encourage outsourcing by allowing for foreign currency to be used freely and providing tax benefits to foreign companies. With Latin American governments working hard and investing in their outsourcing and tech economy, it’s easy to see why Latin American countries are the fastest growing on the global web development outsourcing scene.

8. Latin America is the Fastest Growing Market for Outsourcing Development


As the global market for outsourcing services expands, Latin America is growing rapidly, taking its place as a leader in outsourcing for web development and mobile applications, as well as many other tech careers. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2020 the demand for software developers will increase by up to 31%, which could mean a widening gap between number of development jobs and number of developers. Meanwhile, a KPMG study done in 2014, Latin America’s annual growth rate through 2017 was projected to average nearly 10 percent, up from 5.3 percent in 2013. The rising demand for developers globally, along with Latin America’s initiatives to support college graduates in computer science fields, leaves Latin American tech companies poised to play a large role in software outsourcing.


With well-established markets in Uruguay, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia, Latin America continues as one of the fastest growing destinations for technical outsourcing. Promising lower costs, high talent, and teams within nearby time zones, it’s only a matter of time before Latin America becomes the top destination for outsourcing and staff augmentation.

Do you have a web or app development project to outsource to Latin America?


Choosing a global company to outsource a web or mobile app development project is a critical decision that will impact the cost and success of your project. Many companies are shifting their outsourcing projects from popular locations like India, China, and Eastern Europe, to learn more about the benefits of working with Latin American development companies. With a much smaller time-zone difference, bilingual talent, and a 30% to 50% cost savings, it’s easy to see why Latin America is the fastest growing destination for outsourcing.


The developers at Innuy are experts in Python, Django, and Javascript, using Agile as our framework for project management. If your company has a web or mobile app development project, call us at +1 252 723 59 82 or contact us to learn more about our services and all the benefits of teaming up with a dev team in Uruguay!


Monday, January 14, 2019

Innuy Named a Leading App Development Company by Clutch


Finding a good software development company to create your app or website is a challenging process. The market is saturated with firms that claim to be faster and cheaper than the next. But, low prices and high speeds alone are rarely synonymous with quality. At Innuy, we focus on putting in the right amount of time to build quality web applications that will make the right first impression with your customers.

Innuy ensures the quality of our final products with a tested development methodology that gets the job done without rushing through the essentials. We put outstanding quality first, and are never satisfied until our clients are.

As a company devoted to our clients, we are proud to announce that we have been included on Clutch’s list of top app development companies. Clutch is a ratings and reviews firm that uses in-depth interviews of a company’s past clients to rank them alongside companies from all over the world. This is an honor, as being included in Clutch’s rankings means not just that we advertise well, or that we completed a particularly impressive project, but that our clients genuinely appreciate the work that we do for them.

In addition to being included in Clutch’s rankings, we are excited to be featured on their sister-site, The Manifest, in their list of the top software developers in Uruguay. We were featured for our ability to consistently deliver quality software products, as well as a specific project we did with a mobile fintech company to develop an allowance app for kids:




We were also named a leading software developer on Clutch’s third site, Visual Objects, which only includes creative firms that make content where creativity and appearance are key. Our presence on this site means that not only do our products work well, but they also look great.


We would like to thank all of our clients for their support. We can only succeed when our customers are happy with our work, and that we have come this far means we must be doing something right. We are happy that our work so far has been so well reviewed, and we can’t wait to continue improving and providing next-level software solutions.  
 

Thursday, February 22, 2018

Serverless Django

Introduction


In the last few years, since around 2016, there’s a concept that’s been gaining popularity. This concept is known as “Serverless Infrastructure”.

Having a serverless infrastructure allows you to have a project running live, but without any permanent infrastructure. This means that when no requests are arriving for the server, there will be no servers actively running. When a request is received, the server will turn on, answer the request, and then shut down.

This serverless approach has one big benefit: server resources will only be in use while they are required, leaving in the past the problem of idle servers.

Providers


Nowadays there are different cloud providers that support this kind of infrastructure. Some of the most popular are:

This tutorial will focus on AWS as it is one of the most widely used cloud providers in the world.

AWS provides serverless capabilities through one of their services called Lambda. Quoting AWS Lambda description:

AWS Lambda lets you run code without provisioning or managing servers. You pay only for the compute time you consume - there is no charge when your code is not running. With Lambda, you can run code for virtually any type of application or backend service - all with zero administration. Just upload your code and Lambda takes care of everything required to run and scale your code with high availability. You can set up your code to automatically trigger from other AWS services or call it directly from any web or mobile app.

Quite cool, right? Especially these two aspects:

  • Takes care of running and scaling your code (no need to worry about the horizontal scale, Lambda has that covered).
  • Only pay for what you use (save money by only paying for actual usage, no usage, no charge).

Frameworks


Regarding deploying Django apps with a serverless infrastructure, there are two big players that can help us:




Both frameworks are up to the task, but 'Zappa' is focused on serverless Python, while 'Serverless' allows you to deploy code of several programming languages like Node, Python, Java, PHP, among others.

For this tutorial, we will use Zappa for its simplicity and because it’s python focused.

Getting started




First, we need to make sure we have an AWS account with root access. If you don’t have an account with that level of permissions you will need to create an IAM user with programmatic access that has permissions to the following services:


  • Cloud Formation
  • IAM
  • Lambda
  • S3
  • API Gateway
  • CloudWatch
  • Other services you would want to use

There is currently an open task in Zappa for a proper definition of the permissions needed. In the meanwhile, there are two approaches you can take: be flexible with the permissions or do some trial and error until reaching the minimal permissions you need for your app. It’s recommended to remove the IAM permission after Zappa creates the user the first time.

After the user is ready, make sure you have the proper awscli configuration, you can find quite a good guide on the Serverless page.


The Project


We will be deploying a simple project that was developed for this tutorial. The project itself is not really important, so please focus on learning how to add Zappa support to an existing Django project. The project can be found here.


First of all, let’s install the project:



#git clone https://github.com/innuy/innuy_lambda #pip install -r requirements/dev.txt


** You will have to create a bucket to locate your sqlite database, then update the database settings

Then let’s create a configuration file using the following command:


# zappa init


After running that command you'll be asked a few questions. I recommend you leave everything as default if it’s your first time.

A file called “zappa_settings.json” should have been created. It will look something like this:


{
"dev": { "aws_region": "us-east-1", "django_settings": "innuy_lambda.settings.dev", "profile_name": "default", "project_name": "innuy-lambda", "runtime": "python3.6", "s3_bucket": "bucketname" } }


Zappa has many additional configuration settings. If you need something more specific, please take a look at the documentation for more advanced use cases.

Let’s now run the following command to upload our code to Lambda:

# zappa deploy

If the deployment process succeeds you should see an url like this:


If you add “/admin” to the url the result is:


You should be taken to the django admin… but static files are missing!

We can solve this by setting a few variables in the dev settings file (or you can do it by env variables in zappa). In this case just set the bucket where you want the statics files to live (if you don’t have a bucket, you can create one with a wizard in AWS S3):

AWS_STORAGE_BUCKET_NAME = 'innuylambda-static'


Then update the code in lambda using:


# zappa update


Now lets collect the static files:

# zappa manage dev "collectstatic --noinput"

You should now see the admin perfectly. You can try creating a user by running the project locally and running the createsuperuser command from manage.py.

Your app should be running completely serverless!!

To undeploy run the following command:


# zappa undeploy


And everything is off (the buckets are still there though).

Deploying a Django project in Lambda using Zappa is quite easy. 

I recommend you to try it out!


Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Installation of Docker Swarm using Ansible



Introduction

In this tutorial we will cover how to install Docker Swarm in 2 nodes, 1 master, and 1 worker, using Ansible. For this, we will briefly cover how Ansible itself works and all the necessary steps to make an automated installation of Docker Swarm.


What is Ansible?

Ansible is an open-source automation engine that automates software provisioning, configuration management, and application deployment.


As with most configuration management software, Ansible has two types of servers: controlling machines and nodes. First, there is a single controlling machine which is where orchestration begins. Nodes are managed by a controlling machine over SSH. The controlling machine describes the location of nodes through its inventory.


To orchestrate nodes, Ansible deploys modules to nodes over SSH. Modules are temporarily stored in the nodes and communicate with the controlling machine through a JSON protocol over the standard output. When Ansible is not managing nodes, it does not consume resources because no daemons or programs are executing for Ansible in the background.



What is Docker Swarm?

Docker Swarm is a native Docker application commonly used to manage clusters, which allows orchestrating containers between different nodes easily.



Installation

The first thing needed when installing Ansible is creating the inventory file where we will declare all the hosts where we are going to install the services.

For this tutorial we are going to make the installation in AWS using 2 EC2, each one with CentOS7, with the following configuration:


First, we are going to create the directory to store the project.


# mkdir ansibleSwarm


Now create the ansible and inventory directories.

# mkdir -p ansibleSwarm/ansible/inventory



Inside the inventory directory, we are going to create the “hosts” file where we will write the connection data of our servers.


# Hosts manager ansible_host=107.23.74.224 ansible_ssh_user=centos ansible_ssh_private_key_file=/home/rodrigo/Development/innuy/AnsibleSwarm/ansible/private/DockerSwarm.pem worker1 ansible_host=34.205.4.171 ansible_ssh_user=centos ansible_ssh_private_key_file=/home/rodrigo/Development/innuy/AnsibleSwarm/ansible/private/DockerSwarm.pem [swarm-managers] manager [swarm-workers] worker1 [swarm:children] swarm-managers swarm-workers


Here is what each of these configuration lines means:
  • manager - logical name of the server
  • ansible_host - IP or DNS name of the server
  • ansible_ssh_user - Username which ansible is going to use to connect to the server using SSH.
  • ansible_ssh_private_key_file - Path of the ssh key of the AWS server.


After those, in the next lines we are creating the logical groups [swarm-managers] and [swarm-workers], which contain the servers, and then the group [swarm] which contains the groups [swarm-managers] and [swarm-workers].


Role for the swarm group (all the hosts)


1- Common role:


Create the roles folder to store all the playbooks.



# mkdir -p ansibleSwarm/ansible/roles


Now let’s create the common and tasks directory, where we are going to have the main.yml file which has all the necessary steps for the installation.

These roles are going to install the packets needed to work in all the nodes (managers and workers).

Let’s create the main.yml file with our favorite editor inside the ansibleSwarm/ansible/roles/common/tasks with the following content.


--- - name: Clean yum become: true shell: yum clean all tags: [common] - name: upgrade all packages become: true yum: name=* state=latest tags: [common] - name: Disable selinux selinux: state=disabled become: true tags: [common] - name: install unzip become: true yum: name=unzip tags: [common] - name: Enable the EPEL repository definitions. become: true yum: pkg=epel-release tags: [common] - name: Install python setup tools become: true yum: name=python-setuptools tags: [common] - name: Install Pypi become: true easy_install: name=pip tags: [common] - name: install git become: true Yum: name: git state: present tags: [common]




2- Create the docker role


Let’s create the docker role
# mkdir -p ansibleSwarm/ansible/roles/docker/tasks


This ansible role allows the installation and configuration of the last version of docker for the community edition.

Let’s create the main.yml with our favorite editor.


--- - name: Install docker-py become: true pip: name: docker-py extra_args: --ignore-installed tags: [docker] - name: Update docker repo become: true lineinfile: dest: /etc/yum.repos.d/docker.repo create: yes line: "{{ item }}" with_items: - "[dockerrepo]" - "name=Docker Repository" - "baseurl=https://yum.dockerproject.org/repo/main/centos/7/" - "enabled=1" - "gpgcheck=1" - "gpgkey=https://yum.dockerproject.org/gpg" tags: [docker] - name: Install Docker become: true yum: pkg=docker-engine state=present tags: [docker] - name: enable sysv dockerd service become: true service: name: docker.service enabled: yes tags: [docker] - name: Start service become: true service: name: docker.service state: started tags: [docker]

Specific node manager packages

Let’s create the role docker manager.

# mkdir -p ansibleSwarm/ansible/roles/dockermanager/tasks

This role initializes the docker swarm cluster in the node manager, which in turn will provide us with the token that is necessary for the worker nodes.

Let’s create the main.yml inside this role.

--- - name: Disabling swarm become: yes command: docker swarm leave -f ignore_errors: yes tags: [dockermanager] - name: initialize swarm cluster become: yes command: docker swarm init --advertise-addr={{ swarm_iface | default('eth0') }}:2377 register: bootstrap_first_node tags: [dockermanager]


Specific node worker packages

Let’s create the dockerworker role.
mkdir -p ansibleSwarm/ansible/roles/dockermanager/tasks


This role is going to use the token of the manager to connect and create the Docker Swarm cluster.

--- - name: leaving older swarm command: docker swarm leave -f become: yes ignore_errors: yes tags: [swarm] - name: join nodes to manager command: docker swarm join --token={{ tokennode }} {{ hostmanager }} become: yes register: swarm_join_result failed_when: not "'This node is already part of a swarm' in command_result.stderr" tags: [swarm]

Now we are creating the variables directory for this role.

# mkdir -p ansibleSwarm/ansible/roles/dockerworker/vars

Inside the vars directory, we will be creating the main.yml with the following values to obtain the token of the manager. By doing this we can then use the tokennode and hostmanager variables in the tasks folder.

# vars file for dockermanager tokennode: "{{ hostvars.manager.bootstrap_first_node.stdout.split('\n')[5].split(' ')[5] }}" hostmanager: "{{ hostvars.manager.bootstrap_first_node.stdout.split('\n')[6] }}"

Launching the playbook

Once we have all the roles we only need to create a playbook with all the roles for the execution.

--- - name: Install common packages hosts: swarm roles: - common - docker - name: Configure Manager hosts: swarm-managers roles: - dockermanager - name: Configure Workers hosts: swarm-workers roles: - dockerworker

The final step is to execute all the roles we created before.

# ansible-playbook -i inventory/hosts swarm.yml

After executing the command the output should look similar to this.


root@ip-172-31-52-216:/home/rodrigo/Development/innuy/AnsibleSwarm/ansible# ansible-playbook -i inventory/hosts swarm.yml PLAY [Install common packages] ************************************************* TASK [setup] ******************************************************************* ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [common : Clean yum] ****************************************************** changed: [worker1] [WARNING]: Consider using yum module rather than running yum changed: [manager] TASK [common : upgrade all packages] ******************************************* ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [common : Disable selinux] ************************************************ changed: [manager] changed: [worker1] TASK [common : install unzip] ************************************************** ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [common : Enable the EPEL repository definitions.] ************************ ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [common : Install python setup tools] ************************************* ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [common : Install Pypi] *************************************************** ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [common : install git] **************************************************** ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [docker : Install docker-py] ********************************************** changed: [worker1] changed: [manager] TASK [docker : Update docker repo] ********************************************* ok: [worker1] => (item=[dockerrepo]) ok: [manager] => (item=[dockerrepo]) ok: [worker1] => (item=name=Docker Repository) ok: [manager] => (item=name=Docker Repository) ok: [worker1] => (item=baseurl=https://yum.dockerproject.org/repo/main/centos/7/) ok: [manager] => (item=baseurl=https://yum.dockerproject.org/repo/main/centos/7/) ok: [manager] => (item=enabled=1) ok: [worker1] => (item=enabled=1) ok: [manager] => (item=gpgcheck=1) ok: [worker1] => (item=gpgcheck=1) ok: [manager] => (item=gpgkey=https://yum.dockerproject.org/gpg) ok: [worker1] => (item=gpgkey=https://yum.dockerproject.org/gpg) TASK [docker : Install Docker] ************************************************* ok: [manager] ok: [worker1] TASK [docker : enable sysv dockerd service] ************************************ ok: [worker1] ok: [manager] TASK [docker : Start service] ************************************************** ok: [manager] ok: [worker1] PLAY [Configure Manager] ******************************************************* TASK [setup] ******************************************************************* ok: [manager] TASK [dockermanager : Disabling swarm] ***************************************** changed: [manager] TASK [dockermanager : initialize swarm cluster] ******************************** changed: [manager] PLAY [Configure Workers] ******************************************************* TASK [setup] ******************************************************************* ok: [worker1] TASK [dockerworker : leaving older swarm] ************************************** changed: [worker1] TASK [dockerworker : join nodes to manager] ************************************ changed: [worker1] PLAY RECAP ********************************************************************* manager : ok=17 changed=5 unreachable=0 failed=0 worker1 : ok=17 changed=5 unreachable=0 failed=0


Hope this tutorial has helped you in combining Ansible and Docker Swarm for your needs!